The Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Child Welfare Tribunal also has to ensure that its decisions comply with human rights and international conventions. The Convention on the Rights of the Child and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) are particularly important.
According to the Convention, all children have the right to life, the right not to be discriminated against and the right to freedom of expression, among other things. Children also have the right not to be separated from their parents unless it is necessary to do so, for example if a child is suffering neglect. It is a government responsibility to ensure that children get the care and protection they need to thrive and develop.
The Convention also states that the child’s best interests shall be a primary consideration when making decisions that affect children. Children also have the right to be heard and to give their opinions on all issues that affect them.
Norway has ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and it has the force of Norwegian law. Many Norwegian laws were amended when the Convention was introduced in Norway. In the event of conflict between the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Norwegian law, the Convention shall always take precedence.