The Child Welfare Tribunal makes decisions in cases under the Child Welfare Act, the Health and Care Services Act and the Communicable Diseases Control Act. Its consideration of cases is to be fair, sound, swift, efficient and confidence-inspiring. All parties to a case have the right to be heard, to receive equal treatment and to receive necessary guidance. The Child Welfare Tribunal shall ensure that the parties have access to legal assistance if they so wish. 

There are twelve tribunals  in Norway. The Central Office for the Child Welfare Tribunal deals with the administrative and professional management of the Child Welfare Tribunal, and the Central Office is subordinate to the Ministry of Children and Families.